Key topic 3: Work Process and Employment oriented TVET

With the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) being established by the end of this year, ASEAN member states will experience intensified trade in goods and services as well as labor mobility. Increasing competition and productivity are expected to spur economic growth and structural change. This may have a large impact on job creation as well. ILO and ADB, for instance, expect up to 14 million additional jobs as a direct effect from the AEC.[1]

Many of these jobs will be created by small and medium enterprises which are able to adapt to a more integrated market, e.g. by seizing opportunities as a supplier in growing regional and global value chains. However, in order to do so, companies increasingly have to fulfil international standards in production and delivery.

For this, they are in need of qualified personnel. It is therefore expected that the demand for skilled workers will increase dramatically in the ASEAN region. However, skills shortages and skills mismatches are likely to worsen, due to inadequate availability and quality of education and training.

In order to overcome this bottleneck, national Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) systems have to be more responsive to the regional labour markets’ quantitative and qualitative needs for skilled workers. TVET systems that are meeting this requirement exceptionally well often have a specific characteristic in common: the continuous and committed participation of the business community. This participation relates to various issues of TVET planning and implementation, including policy formulation, occupational standard development, TVET delivery, assessment and certification, as well as the participation in TVET financing.

The thematic forum will discuss strategies and experiences of establishing Work Process and Employment oriented TVET systems based on a systematic and sustainable engagement of the business community. It will particularly look at

  • Defining roles, functions and responsibilities of "industrial learning sites" and "enterprises as learning institutions" in the ASEAN context,
  • Country experiences, e.g. the European “Dual System”, and their applicability in the ASEAN context,
  • Role and participation of private sector in developing occupational standards at national and regional level,
  • Strategies to promote regional networking and cooperation to achieve greater demand orientation and higher quality of TVET in ASEAN, and
  • Implications for businesses from increased labor mobility under the AEC.

The forum will provide a platform for the private sector to actively engage in the TVET discussions and exchange strategies, concepts and best practices for work-process and employment-oriented training with TVET experts. It also aims at supporting businesses in analyzing and presenting their actual need for skilled workers in a structured manner.

The forum is jointly organized by German Development Cooperation and DIHK / AHK.

For further information please find the Background Paper here.

[1] cf. “ASEAN community 2015: Managing integration for better jobs and shared prosperity”, Bangkok, Thailand: ILO and ADB, 2014

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